on the origin of rustaceans
(full title: “on the origin of rustaceans by means of viral community, or the preservation of contributor growth in the struggle for maintenance”)
The “Increasing Rust’s Reach” projects are kicking off! With it, the Community Team is asking for people to describe how they contribute to Rust, to demonstrate the breadth of talent and perspective in the community. So here’s my personal Rust story!
step by step, day by day
I first heard of Rust a few months before 1.0, around the beginning of 2015. I saw someone talk about it on Hacker News, and i proceeded to read the Guide (the “official tutorial” at the time) from start to finish. At that point, things were getting nailed down for the final release, but breaking changes were still a regular occurrence! I tried to download the compiler to write a small project, but a combination of not having a good grasp of the problem i was working on (ID3 tag parsing) and my own slow working pace led me to drop the project. I started passively following the community, but didn’t write anything else for a while.
Skip forward a year and a half (mid-2016), and some life changes led me to have some more time on my
hands. I decided to pick Rust back up, this time to start something i would maybe have an easier
time with: an IRC bot. The
irc crate was fairly solid, and i picked up the
csv crate to parse
the data i needed to support the bot. Everything worked out pretty well! I was fairly happy to have
finished a project, but i also knew i had a lot more to learn. I started lurking in the
#rust-beginners IRC chatroom and learned vicariously through the other people asking questions.
This was also when i stared writing
It didn’t take very long from this point to start getting commits into the official Rust project.
While writing something for
egg-mode i did some hunting and couldn’t figure out whether the
#[must_use] attribute was available outside the standard library. Some asking around told me that
it was, but i couldn’t find it in the Reference at the time. Thus started my very first PR to
Rust: a single line in the documentation. It wasn’t much, but it introduced me to two
crucial things: the process of getting a change merged into Rust, and the feeling of having a change
debated upon in your inbox.
Leaning on this experience, i felt emboldened the next time i wanted to touch something in the Rust
egg-mode, i was writing a function that had a particularly long signature, and at the
time, rustdoc didn’t have any facility to line-wrap any “code-like” samples it generated. This led
to the function being difficult to read in the docs, so i asked around to find out where that was
happening. After some time digging through the rustdoc code and poking around at trying some
changes, i opened my second PR, which turned out to be even bikesheddier than the
first! I opened a few other “reformatting” pull requests to rustdoc over the next few months as i
saw more items to tweak.
Around the same time, i had started to break out from just passively listening in
to asking and even answering questions. Over time i started looking at some other channels to hang
out in and started lurking in several of the teams’ channels, to “see behind the curtain” and check
out the process of planning stuff in the Rust project. Before long i found myself in
the Documentation team’s channel, and started watching as their weekly meetings happened, and they
talked about what they thought about this or that docs issue.
Over time, as i chimed in on more and more issues, Steve Klabnik (the lead of the docs team) started soliciting my responses more often. I remember a very specific exchange we had, where i tried to diminish my response by saying i wasn’t on the team, and he said something along the lines of “that’s the point”. It’s important to get a sense of what people outside the “inner circle” think, especially for something like documentation where these people are the target audience! So i kept chiming in. It wasn’t long before i was considered “unofficially” on the team, and soon enough i was approached about joining the roster.
addendum: rustdoc versus the teams page
This got me onto the teams page, but there’s a bit more to the story because of rustdoc’s history of ownership. Within weeks of getting into the docs team, the dev-tools team was just starting to get spun up. This gave rustdoc its own set of “owners” rather than the nebulous ownership it had under the previous Tools team, as the new “dev-tools peers” would have dedicated maintainers for rustdoc. My position in the docs team and my continued PRs for rustdoc let me get in on the ground floor as this new team was getting started.
As the Dev-tools team progressed in its new organization, it was decided that they would start to restructure the peers based on some of the ideas that had come out of the 2017 “impl period” and the new Community team “sub-teams”, which had created smaller focused groups around a single topic. With this in hand, earlier this year the dev-tools team created several “working groups” and sub-teams of its own. Notably for this post, it meant that rustdoc got its own team.
As the details of this were getting finalized, Nick Cameron approached me and asked whether i would be willing to act as “team lead”, coordinating things like issue triage and handling meetings. At the time, Steve, Guillaume Gomez, and i were fairly equal “owners” of rustdoc, so it came down to which one of us was willing to handle the “boring admin work”, as we called it. I figured i already helped out with this some on the docs team, so i accepted, and now i’m the lead of the Rustdoc Team!
life on the inside
So that’s a lot of origin story, but what is it actually like contributing to the Rust project? What do i actually do with this?
Strictly speaking, membership on a team really amounts to the following:
- The expectation to keep doing whatever it was that got you onto the team in the first place. This line is intentionally vague because “contribution” doesn’t always mean “writing code”! In my case, i wrote much less docs than i edited or revised, so i mainly benefitted from the next point:
- For teams with “ownership” over some repo, reviewer rights on that repo. For repos whose
contributions are overseen by the
highfivebot, you’ll often get placed into its reviewer rotation as well. This lets you participate in the ownership of the project in question, by reviewing contributions as they come in.
- For teams that expect to handle Final Comment Periods on RFCs or other situations, a checkbox in
rfcbot’s listing for that team.
- Participation in the team’s meetings. A common thing for the teams to do is have a regular timeslot where they can triage new issues as they come in, discuss problems that they want the whole team to provide input on, and check in on major projects. There’s a general agreement that perfect attendance isn’t necessary, especially for people who are here on a volunteer basis, but e.g. scheduling the timeslot is usually done with the team members’ time zones in mind.
Now, i say all this, but in all honesty, my contributions have pared back a lot since starting, as
my life situation changed over time. I spend most of my Rust time nowadays reviewing contributions
to rustdoc, and the occasional documentation PR as it gets handed to me. I haven’t stopped reading
the code, or dreaming of ways to implement high-profile features, and i continue to offer to mentor
people around the rustdoc codebase. But my specific “measurables” (so to speak - there’s no official
concept of keeping a “score” for people!) have changed from “opened PRs” to “mentored
issues/reviewed PRs”. I still enjoy this, though! I get to watch my little project grow over time as
we add more cool things to it. And since my roots in Rust also involved a lot of teaching back in
#rust-beginners, i really like when i get to show people through the code.
I like to describe the Rust organization as a kind of “organic bureaucracy”, where groups can crop up, grow, and break apart as they need. It’s really fascinating to watch the project grow over time, as more people find their way into it. It’s fun to think that all these people coming together have brought their own experiences into this wonderful community. I’m very happy to be a part of it.